Early Years

Early Years

Slideshow 1

What to expect, when?

The following guide is available for you to download. It will provide you with guidance to your child’s learning and development in the early years foundation stage.

How to use the guide.

The Early Years Foundation Stage Framework (EYFS) sets out the learning and development stages for children as they grow from birth to five years. For those working in the early years – whether in a nursery, pre-school, a childminder or in a reception class in school – the EYFS outlines what they need to do to support your child.

The purpose of this booklet is to help you as a parent/carer* find out more about how your child is learning and developing during their first five years, in relation to the EYFS. Children develop more rapidly during the first five years of their lives than at any other time. This booklet has been written to help you as a parent know what to expect during these vitally important years by focusing on the seven areas of learning and development which are covered in the EYFS.

In this guide, your child’s first five years have been divided up into six age bands which overlap. This is because every child is different and children do not grow and develop at the same rate. It highlights what you might notice your child doing at these points.

Children learn and develop through playing, exploring, being active, creative and being asked questions to help their thinking. After each age band we give you an example of some ideas and tips as to how you can help your child’s learning and development. Page 34 details where you can find out more.

As you know, being a parent is very special and amazing as you watch your child grow up. It can also have challenges. We hope this booklet will help you to know how your child is developing by highlighting what to expect, remembering that all children are different.

One way of using this booklet could be to use it as a reference – see what you notice your child can do. Use it as a prompt to explore and try new things together.

In using this booklet, if you feel unsure about your child’s learning and development you might want to speak to someone from your local children’s centre, your child’s key person, a childminder or a health professional.

To find out more about the EYFS, please visit www.foundationyears.org.uk/parents. For information about free early education and entitlement for 2, 3 and 4 year olds visit www.gov.uk/free-early-education

Welcome to Early Learners!

We hope you and your child enjoy the time that you spend here with us.

Early Leaners will consist of two 3 hour sessions:

Morning: 8.30 am – 11.30 am

Afternoon: 12.15 pm – 3.15 pm

Your child may attend either the morning session or the afternoon session.

Children must be signed in by parent/carer and signed out by parent/carer every session.

Starting school is a new and exciting experience but we know that both parents and children can sometimes feel apprehensive about the changes ahead. To ensure a happy and enjoyable transition into Early Learners we will provide support both for children and the parents/carers.

The period of education from ages 3 to 5 is known as the Foundation Stage and we follow the Early Years Foundation Stage Curriculum.

There are four themes that underpin this curriculum:

  • Unique Child
  • Positive Relationships
  • Enabling Environment
  • Learning and Development

Within this curriculum there are three Prime Areas of Learning:-

  • Personal, Social, Emotional Development
  • Physical Development
  • Communication and Language

There are also four Specific Areas of Learning:-

  • Literacy
  • Maths
  • Understanding the World
  • Expressive Arts and Design

Our creative curriculum gives your child the opportunity to learn through a play based curriculum, both indoors and outdoors, with a focus on all of the above areas.

Nursery Times


Children attend either a morning or an afternoon session and generally remain in the same session for the length of their stay in nursery.

Nursery times are as follows:

Morning Nursery: 8:45- 11:45
Afternoon Nursery: 12:15- 3:15

In order to support working families we do offer a small number of flexible places. Children can attend Monday, Tuesday and Wednesday mornings or Wednesday, Thursday and Friday afternoons. Please discuss this with Nursery staff.

Starting Nursery is a new and exciting experience. However, both parents and children can sometimes feel apprehensive about the changes ahead. At Bader, we aim to make this transition as smooth and as positive as possible. Below are some of the things we do to support your child’s move into Nursery and some suggestions of what you might like to do as parents.

To find out further information about our Nursery please download the Nursery Welcome Booklet here.

EYFS at Bader Primary

Every child deserves the best possible start in life and support to fulfil their potential. A child’s experience in the early years has a major impact on their future life chances. A secure, safe and happy childhood is important in its own right, and it provides the foundation for children to make the most of their abilities and talents as they grow up.

Department for Children Schools and Families 2007

At Bader Primary school we aim to offer your child a start to his or her education that is as equally exciting, interactive and creative, as it is caring and supportive. We aim for children to leave the EYFS confident and capable learners, who are more than ready for the next stage in their learning and development. We are a visible learning school. We believe that, when it is clear what teachers are teaching and what children are learning, achievement increases. Visible Learning and Teaching occurs when teachers see learning through the eyes of students and help them become their own teachers.


At Bader Primary we provide a full range of Early Years Education, catering for children from 2 to 5yrs old.

Early Learners

We provide either a morning or afternoon session in our Early Learners Hub for 2 yr olds. The children are supported by Room Leader Miss Johnston and Teaching Assistant Mrs McLean.


We have two nursery classes offering morning, afternoon and a limited number of flexible provision places. Our Nursery teachers are Miss Ferens and Miss Charlson, supported by Teaching Assistant, Miss Adey.


We have two Reception classes. Our Reception teachers are Mrs Douthwaite and Miss Spenceley, supported by Mrs Williamson and Mrs Ayre.

The Learning Environment

A rich and varied environment supports children’s learning and development. It gives them the confidence to explore and learn in secure and safe, yet challenging, indoor and outdoor spaces. We aim to create an attractive, welcoming and stimulating learning environment which will encourage children to explore, investigate and learn through first-hand experience. We also aim to make it a place where children feel secure and confident, and are challenged to develop their independence. Activities are planned for both the inside and outside based on the children’s interests. The learning environment is divided into a variety of different areas: role play, book corner, writing area, Numeracy area, ICT area, creative, malleable, sand, water, outside, construction, small world and puzzles. These areas are carefully arranged to encourage quiet areas and more active areas within the learning environment. Children are encouraged to become independent learners and to take some responsibility for initiating their own lines of enquiry and investigation.

EYFS Curriculum

The EYFS Framework explains how and what your child will be learning to support their healthy development. Your child will be learning skills, acquiring new knowledge and demonstrating their understanding through 7 areas of learning and development.

Children should mostly develop the 3 prime areas first.
• Communication and language;
• Physical development;
• Personal, social and emotional development.

These prime areas are those most essential for your child’s healthy development and future learning. As children grow, the prime areas will help them to develop skills in 4 specific areas:
• Literacy;
• Mathematics;
• Understanding the world;
• Expressive arts and design.

These 7 areas are used to plan your child’s learning and activities. We will make sure that the activities are suited to your child’s unique needs. This is a little bit like a curriculum in primary and secondary schools, but it’s suitable for very young children, and it’s designed to be really flexible so that we can follow your child’s unique needs and interests. Children in the EYFS learn by playing and exploring, being active, and through creative and critical thinking which takes place both indoors and outside.

Supporting your Child

All the fun activities that you do with your child at home are important in supporting their learning and development, and have a really long lasting effect on your child’s learning as they progress through school. If you make the time every day to do some of the following things with your child it will make a real difference to your child’s confidence as a young learner.
Talk about the numbers, colours, words and letters you see when you are out and about
Sing and tell nursery rhymes
Allow your child to cut out and stick pictures from magazines
Share a book
Cook / bake together
Talk to your child at every opportunity – e.g. what you are doing that day
Explore the park at a different time of the year – go off the beaten track
Once your child is in school (Yr reception) and is ready, they will be given a reading book to read at home with you. They will also bring home letters cards and key words cards to consolidate their learning from school. The children in Reception will also be given a home school ‘Learning Journey’ book, where they will be asked to complete activities and tasks with you. These will be shared in school and used to support us in ensuring our planning meets the children needs and interests.

Your Child’s Development

It is important that we work together to support the development of your child. We want you to feel comfortable about exchanging information and discussing things that will benefit him or her. These conversations will be with your child’s “key person”. At Bader this will be your child’s Teacher or Teaching Assistant. This is the person who:
• Is your main point of contact within the setting
• Helps your child to become settled, happy and safe
• Is responsible for your child’s care, development and learning
• Takes a careful note of your child’s progress, sharing this with you and giving ideas as to how to help your child at home.
You are able to get information about your child’s development at any time however there are two stages (at age 2, and again at age 5) when we must give you written information about how he or she is doing.

When your child is 2yrs Old

At some point after your child turns 2, you will be given a written summary of how your child is progressing against the 3 prime areas of learning:
• Communication and language;
• Physical development;
• Personal, social and emotional development.
This is called the progress check at age 2. This check will highlight areas where your child is progressing well and anywhere they might need some extra help or support.

When your child is 5yrs Old

At the end of the EYFS – in the summer term of the reception year in school – teachers complete an assessment which is known as the EYFS Profile. This assessment is carried out by the reception teacher and is based on what they, and other staff caring for your child, have observed over a period of time. Another important part of the EYFS Profile is your knowledge about your child’s learning and development, so do let your child’s class teacher know about what your child does with you: such as how confident your child is in writing their name, reading and talking about a favourite book, speaking to people your child is not so familiar with or their understanding of numbers. All of the information collected is used to judge how your child is doing in the 7 areas of learning and development. Finding out at this stage how your child is doing will mean that the teacher your child has in their next school year – Year 1 – will know what your child really enjoys doing and does well, as well as helping them decide if your child needs a bit of extra support, what that support should be and if they are already getting it. We will give you a report of your child’s progress, including information from his or her EYFS Profile at the end of the summer term.